The Mascaron, architectural element of the cultural heritage of Bordeaux, Port de la Lune
In Bordeaux, “La Façade des quais” is seen decorated with masks and sculptures from the keystone arches on the ground floor.
Sculptors were inspired by a multitude of themes to decorate the facades :
- ancient gods,
- the heads of their contemporaries.
Thanks to these anonymous artists, we have an idea of Bordeaux including the art of headwear in the first half of the eighteenth century.
” Hats off gentlemen! “
But who are these illustrious men who have spent time in Bordeaux?
Click on the pictures to find the answer.
Discover the name of the writer, philosopher, French moralist and politician..
Find the name of this French writer and counsel to the parliament of Bordeaux.
What is the name of this philosopher, agronomist, inventor, architect, who became President of the United States of America?
Who is behind this Spanish painter and engraver?
A plaque in remembrance of this German composer’s visits. Who was he?
But by what name does this French poet, novelist, playwright and critic go?
During a visit, have you ever paid attention to the details of a column?
The column is one of the architectural elements of a monument.
Of ancient origin, architects have used columns extensively in Bordeaux. Stop for a moment before these stonemason and sculptors’ masterpieces.
Each column has a capital, shaft and base
The Doric order
The Doric order is the first and simplest of the three orders in Greek architecture.
The fluted column is from four to eight diameters high and rests directly on the floor without the benefit of a pedestal or base.
The capital consists of mouldings, fillets and ovolo or a quarter round.
The Ionic order
The Ionic column measures up to nine diameters high.
The capital is adorned with two side spiral forms known as volutes.
The Corinthian order
The Corinthian columns are usually ten diameters high.
Its capital is decorated with rows of acanthus leaves.
The Tuscan order
This is the simplified form of the Greek Doric architectural order.
The column is seven diameters high, including the base and the shaft.
The Composite order
The composite column measures up to ten diameters high.
The base is ionic and the column drum Doric.
The capital may be Ionic or Corinthian with volutes and acanthus leaves.
TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE!
- Can you connect the capitals and bases of these four columns?
- To which monuments do they belong?
“If I had a hammer! I’d hammer in the morning, I’d hammer in the evening, all over this land”
Claude François praised us the merits of this tool.
Do you know that it also means the predecessor of “doorbell ” also called the knocker?
Look at Bordeaux, at the corner of a street, a courtyard (not an Avenue)
On an ordinary door, a doorway, it reaches out.
Some are as beautiful as if they emanated from the craftsman themselves.
Others reflect the wealth of their owner.
Others are more modest, some even need attention.
Although it may no longer be in service, on mansions, monuments and houses where it was hung,
it is that little detail, signing the beauty of a façade.
For you to admire and knock!
These works are part of Bordeaux’s heritage
admire, during a cultural visit with B for Bordeaux